In prehistoric times, the physical
changes in response to stress were an essential adaptation
for meeting natural threats. Even in the modern world, the
stress response can be an asset for raising levels of performance
during critical events such as a sports activity, an important
meeting, or in situations of actual danger or crisis. If stress
becomes persistent and low-level, however, all parts of the
body's stress apparatus (the brain, heart, lungs, vessels,
and muscles) become chronically over- or under-activated.
This may produce physical or psychologic damage over time.
Acute stress can also be harmful in certain situations.
+Neurosis is a name for a group of diseases that causes
slight handicap to brain functions. It is an ailment of spiritual
or psychic nature instead of physical, so it falls into the
category of psychological impediment. It is light in serenity
and consists of a couple of diseases instead of one. Generally,
neurosis can be divided into neurasthenia, anxiety, oppression,
phobia, hysteria, depression, and hypochondriasis. Let us
examine the most commonly seen types within the college community.
+Neurasthenia, or neurasthenic neurosis, is the slightest
of its kind that will not cause physical diseases and depression.
It happens mostly on the students or when they are finding
a job. It is especially the case among youngsters and youth
intellectuals. The usual symptoms are fatigue, bad sleep,
headache, distractibility, forgetfulness, low spirit, and
bad appetite. As a result, the patients get a low efficiency
in working and studying.
+Anxiety, or anxiety neurosis, is a bad fit of terror and
worry because of consecutive overstrain of nerves. It causes
automatic neural dysfunction, together with nausea, palpitation,
respiratory difficulty, dry mouth, frequent urination, urgent
urination and sweating. This is common on the occasion of
exams, such as the college entrance examination.
+Compulsive neurosis, or oppressive neurosis, is a kind of
neurosis centered on self-oppression. Subjectively, it is
a feeling of some uncontrollable ideas, emotion, propensity
and behavior. Although the patient knows that they are meaningless,
they can hardly compose themselves. As a result, they are
filled with inner collision together with a strong sense of
anxiety and terror. For example, they often wash their hands,
worry about the doors and unable to dismiss some thoughts.
+Phobia, or phobia neurosis, is an experience of immense
fear or anxiety toward a certain environment or object. It
is characterized by persisting and unnecessary fear concerning
some particular objects, action and situations. In response,
the patient will take an evasive attitude and cannot control
himself. In reality, it is displayed in different forms such
as heterophobia, zoophobia, and crowd phobia, school phobia.
Depression. This is a neurosis feature persisting depression
combined with anxiety, emptiness, fatigue, unfitness, and
sleeping difficulty. The common symptoms are: (a) feel depressed,
dispirited, melancholy, dejected; (b) getting disinterested
in daily activities; (c) despondent of future; (d) tend to
see the bad side of everything; (e) feel sluggish, slow in
thinking and acting; (f) worse self-evaluation; (g) unwilling
to initiate a relation with others, but behave normally when
they are approached; (h) sometimes filled with the thought
of death, but inner mind is filled with contradiction, agitation
and irritation; (i) think themselves seriously ill and are
eager to get cured. The physical dispositions are fatigue,
headache, palpitation, ringing ears, tight chest, abdominal
distention, constipation, insomnia, dreaminess, bad appetite,
distractibility, and memory deterioration, etc. These symptoms
can either ease off or even disappear depending on how good
the emotion is. Hypochondriasis is a state of vexes and
weariness in which one is too concerned with his health and
stubbornly thinks he has contracted some serious disease.
Most significantly, the patient pays too much attention to
his fitness or his body function. He always develops a strong
suspicion that he has either physical or mental problems,
which is in direct contradiction with the truth, and he will
stick to his bias even in front of doctor!s explanation